What Are Seed Banks? – Seed banks are banks set aside for the preservation of seeds. A seed bank is vital for preserving the genetic variety of seeds for future use. In summary, these seed banks store seeds in preparation for any agricultural or food-related epidemic.
- These seed banks collect seeds from all plant species to protect biodiversity.
- All of these seeds are maintained at a low temperature and relative humidity to prevent genetic loss.
- Each nation has its own seed bank, which is controlled by the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR).
CGIAR is a strategic collaboration comprised of varied contributors who finance 15 worldwide agricultural research centers. Individuals can create their own seed bank at home by storing seeds of various sorts. The only thing he must do is store the seed where the temperature is cool and the environment is wet, so that the seed is preserved and no loss occurs.
What is a seed bank’s function?
HOW DO SEED BANKS WORK AND WHAT ARE THEY? – A seed bank or germplasm bank is a location in which appropriate conditions are maintained to preserve seed specimens of various plant species (wild or cultivated). The purpose is quite clear: to preserve as many plants as possible for future generations.
- The specimens of seeds are stored under circumstances of steady humidity, consistent low temperature, and minimal or no light or darkness.
- According to a paper from the European Native Seed Conservation Network, the majority of the world’s plant species generate seeds that can survive drying and freezing (ENSCONET).
The text adds that after gathering and thorough sorting, seeds are washed and dehydrated to 5% moisture. Typically, they are stored and sealed in containers or multi-layered foil packets, which are then placed in boxes and distributed on bank shelves.
How can seed banks help to preserve biodiversity?
Seedbanks – If a plant species is endangered and hence on the verge of extinction, it is crucial to take steps to preserve the species. Seed banks are facilities where seeds are saved so that new plants can be cultivated in the future, even if the plants become extinct in the wild.
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